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Case Report
Published: 2022-07-13

Post-COVID-19 multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: a case report

UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
UNIMAR - University of Marilia, Faculty of Medicine, Marilia, Sao Paulo, Brazil
COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2 Systemic Inflammatory Syndrome Pediatrics Kawasaki disease

Abstract

Objective: Report of a case of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) post-COVID 19 and review of articles on the topic. Results: Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is a disease whose symptoms are similar between the adult and pediatric population, ranging from asymptomatic cases to more serious conditions that have spread global terror due to the high number of infections worldwide deaths. However, children have presented a milder clinic. It is worth mentioning, however, that this population is not completely risk-free, with reports of the association of the Coronavirus triggering inflammatory diseases, such as the so-called MIS-C whose complications can be as serious as the forms of symptoms experienced by adults. Conclusion: The temporal and serological relationship of a link with SARS-CoV-2 infection is supported by consistent data, however further studies are needed to establish SARS-CoV-2 as an inciting agent. Due to the severity of MIS-C, knowledge about this disease is necessary for a quick diagnosis and early treatment, aiming to reduce systemic lesions. Due to the increase in the number of cases of children affected by MIS-C, the use of immunomodulatory drugs, such as intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), aspirin, and systemic glucocorticoids, has been instituted as first-line therapy, to reduce inflammation and late complications.

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How to Cite

Martins, T. R., Leite, G. C., Hauy, B. N., Marconato, G. G., Viana, K. C., Modaelli, J., Marqui, N. A. C., Lima, M. L. de C., Baptista, R. de F. F., Righetti, R. E. V. G., & Mendes, A. J. (2022). Post-COVID-19 multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: a case report. International Journal of Nutrology, 15(3). https://doi.org/10.54448/ijn22301