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Published: 06-19-2023

Influences of mindset and lifestyle on sports performance: a systematic review

Medical Clinic. Edifício New York Square, C-136 Avenue, 797, setor sul, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
Medical Clinic. Rua Joao Borba 131. Moóca, São Paulo, Brazil
Medical Clinic. Higienópolis Avenue, 15, 114-O, Higienópolis, São Paulo, Brazil
Vanessa Cremasco Clinic. Pedroso Alvarenga Street, 584 - Itaim Bibi, São Paulo, Brazil
Apothek Institute Teaching and Research Center, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Medical Clinic. Álvaro de Otacílio Avenue, 3731. Ponta Verde, Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil
Suganuma Clinic. Salgado Filho Avenue, 2120 - 1914c - Jardim Maia, Guarulhos, São Paulo, Brazil
Daymed Clinic. Health-Well-Being and Longevity. Órion Business & Health Complex, Portugal Avenue, nº1148. Room B1803 - St Marista- Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
Enllus Clinic, localizada no Jardim Maringá 2 na Rua dos Buritis, 1309. Sinop, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Sports performance Mindset Lifestyle Mindfulness


Introduction: In the scenario of the mindset and performance of athletes, the athlete's lifestyle becomes an integral part of this development. e need to focus on the mindset of athletes, exploring the perspectives of elite athletes through a qualitative approach, in order to understand the lifestyle and other factors to which they attribute their success. Objective: It was to carry out a systematic review to present the main studies on the influence of mindset (mindset) on the performance of athletes, as well as the entire lifestyle scenario for this development. Methods: The systematic review rules of the PRISMA Platform were followed. The research was carried out from January to March 2023 in Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Scielo, and Google Scholar databases. The quality of the studies was based on the GRADE instrument and the risk of bias was analyzed according to the Cochrane instrument. Results and Conclusion: A total of 118 articles were found, and 32 articles were evaluated in full and 29 were included and developed in this systematic review study. Considering the Cochrane tool for risk of bias, the overall assessment resulted in 52 studies with a high risk of bias and 14 studies that did not meet GRADE. It was concluded that mindsets such as believing in yourself after failure (called the constructive mental code) are very beneficial for athletes' perseverance, motivation, and performance improvement. Still, a positive mindset can positively influence the performance of athletes, showing that mental skills training can lead to better performance in competition. Thus, champion athletes attribute their good mindset as the main predictor of competitive success. However, it is necessary to inform and encourage these practices in coaches and support staff in the area of the psychological skills of athletes. Mindfulness can benefit athletes' mindsets and performance. Cognitive variables, such as coping with stress, are significantly correlated with performance. Highperformance strategies include using honed mental rehearsal skills and practicing recovery.


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How to Cite

Gontijo, G. M., Ishikawa, V. N., Ichikawa, A. I. T., Bubna, P., Conter, F. da S., Queiroz, A. C. M. de, Picchia, R. D., Silva, D. D. da, & Uliana Filho, I. I. (2023). Influences of mindset and lifestyle on sports performance: a systematic review. International Journal of Nutrology, 16(2).